Mucu-Tone

Much-Tone

Mucu-Tone

Mucu-Tone was a multi-purpose “alterative tonic” which was manufactured for a brief period in the early 1900’s. Two of its active ingredients are Cascara sagrada and Nux vomica. Nux vomica is the poisonous seed of the Strychnos nux-vomica tree and contains ca. 4% by weight of the poisonous alkaloid strychnine.  Cascara sagrada is the bark of the bearberry tree (Rhamnus purshiana).  Known as a laxative by native Americans, cascara sagrada was widely used in over-the-counter medicines until banned by the FDA due to its toxicity and potential carcinogenicity.

The Rexall company was started in Boston in 1904 by Louis K. Liggett, who also founded the United Drug Company.  The “Rexall” name was derived from the words “Rx to all,”  an allusion to the company’s goal of providing low-priced, high-quality prescription medications. The Rexall name was franchised to individual owners, and soon the company lost profits to more competitive retail pharmacy chains. The Rexall company survives today as Rexall Sundown, Inc., which markets vitamins and healthy living products.

Bibliography:

Cascara. (2008). In A. DerMarderosian & J. A. Beutler (Eds.), The review of natural products.  Accessed Nov. 12, 2008.

Nux Vomica. (2008). In A. DerMarderosian & J. A. Beutler (Eds.), The review of natural products.  Accessed Nov. 12, 2008.

Rexall- Our History. 2008. Katz Group. Accessed 11 Nov. 2008 from: http://www.rexall.ca/about_us/our_history.aspx.

“Rexall.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 13 Oct 2008, 01:13 UTC. accessed 12 Nov 2008 from :http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rexall&oldid=244890195.

Smith, M. C. (2004). The Rexall story: A history of genius and neglect. New York, NY: Pharmaceutical Products Press.

Credits:

Nick Feidberg
November, 2008

 

BonKora

BonKora

BonKora

The laxative and carminative indications on label of Bon Kora, along with the representation of a svelte naked female physique, left little doubt about this product’s use as a means for chemically-induced bulimia.  Ingredients in Bon Kora include Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate), a saline laxative and Cascara sagrada, a strong cathartic.  Anise and caraway, used as digestive aids, and fennel, which helped reduce intestinal spasms, were also included. The label warns that Bon Kora could cause dependence if used frequently.

This medication was sold by the Consolidated Royal Chemical Corporation.  In the late 1930s, this corporation sponsored a number of radio shows,  including one by the Carter family, which was broadcast on the radio station XERA, just across the Mexican border of Del Rio, Texas.  These shows included advertisements for the company’s remedies.

Bibliography:

“Federal Trade Commission Weight Loss Products and Services.” Natural Fitness  Group. 2008. Creative Thirst. 12 Nov. 2008. <http://naturalfitnessgroup.com/FTC1927-1997pt2.html (accessed Nov. 12, 2008).

“Herbal Remedies – Fennel.” Herbal Remedies Info. 2008. Herbal Remedies Info. http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/Fennel.html. (accessed Nov. 12, 2008)

Middleton, Jim. Personal communication. Nov. 12, 2008.

“Royal Chemical.” Royal Chemical. 2002. http://www.royalchemical.com/ (accessed Nov. 12, 2008)

“Spices and Herbs: Anise Seed.” Culinary Cafe. http://www.culinarycafe.com/Spices_Herbs/Anise_Seed.html (accessed Nov. 12, 2008)

“Spices and Herbs: Caraway Seed.” Culinary Cafe. http://www.culinarycafe.com/Spices_Herbs/Caraway_Seed.html (accessed Nov. 12, 2008)

“What Are Epsom Salts?” wiseGEEK. 2008. Conjecture Corp.
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-epsom-salts.html (accessed Nov. 12, 2008)

Credits:

Laura Elliott
November 2008